ICD/Dry Port ::

Inland Clearance Deport (ICD) is also known as Dry Port. UNCTAD has defined ICD/Dry port as “ A common user inland facility, other than a port or an airport, approved by a component body, equipped with fixed installations and offering services for handling and temporary storage of any kind of goods ( including container ) carried under Customs transit by any applicable mode of inland surface transport, placed under Customs control and with Customs and other agencies competent to clear goods for home use, warehousing, re-export, temporary storage for onward transit and outright export”.

ICDs have the effect of partly relocating port activities from the foreign coastal transit country and placing them under the control of national authorities and creating employment at home. Additionally, land transit times can be cut considerably through reduced handling and less cumbersome procedure, resulting in decreased door-to-door transport costs and in reduced dependence on the situation of the port and transport industry of the coastal country.

The establishment of an ICD is of vital importance for landlocked countries like Nepal wishing to improve their transport services through the introduction of multimodal transport and containerization.

ICDs promote the concept of multimodal transport, as container seal can remain unbroken from a place close to the consignor to the place close to the consignee. Apart from changing the concept of transport, both in physical & organizational terms, ICDs will have beneficial effect on the trading and industrial activities of Nepal.