Clearance Deport (ICD) is also known as Dry Port. UNCTAD
has defined ICD/Dry port as “ A common user inland
facility, other than a port or an airport, approved
by a component body, equipped with fixed installations
and offering services for handling and temporary storage
of any kind of goods ( including container ) carried
under Customs transit by any applicable mode of inland
surface transport, placed under Customs control and
with Customs and other agencies competent to clear goods
for home use, warehousing, re-export, temporary storage
for onward transit and outright export”.
ICDs have the effect of partly relocating port activities
from the foreign coastal transit country and placing
them under the control of national authorities and creating
employment at home. Additionally, land transit times
can be cut considerably through reduced handling and
less cumbersome procedure, resulting in decreased door-to-door
transport costs and in reduced dependence on the situation
of the port and transport industry of the coastal country.
The establishment of an ICD is of vital importance for
landlocked countries like Nepal wishing to improve their
transport services through the introduction of multimodal
transport and containerization.
ICDs promote the concept of multimodal transport, as
container seal can remain unbroken from a place close
to the consignor to the place close to the consignee.
Apart from changing the concept of transport, both in
physical & organizational terms, ICDs will have
beneficial effect on the trading and industrial activities